Annual Drinking Water Quality Report 2014 Armstrong/Deepwater PSD PWSID# WV3301004 Water Plant Road, PO Box 156, Kimberly, WV 25118 February 16, 2015 We’re pleased to present to you this year’s Annual Drinking Water Quality Report. This report is designed to inform you about the quality water and service we deliver to you everyday. Our constant goal is to provide you with a dependable supply of drinking water. We want you to understand the efforts we make to continually improve the water treatment process and to protect our water resources. Why am I receiving this report? In compliance with the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments, the Armstrong/Deepwater PSD is providing its customers with this Annual Drinking Water Quality Report. This report explains where your water comes from, what it contains, and how it compares to standards set by regulatory agencies. The information in this report shows the results of our monitoring for the period of January 1st to December 31st, 2014 or earlier if not on a yearly schedule. If you have any questions concerning this report, you may contact Commission Chairman Judson Wallace at 304-442-4957. If you have any further questions, comments or suggestions, please attend any of our regularly scheduled water board meetings held on the 3rd Wednesday of every month at 10:00 a.m. in the Water Office, Kimberly, WV. Where does my water come from? Your drinking water source is surface water from the Kanawha River. Source Water Assessment A Source Water Assessment was conducted on September 2010 by the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health (WVBPH). The intake that supplies drinking water to the Armstrong PSD has a higher susceptibility to contamination, due to the sensitive nature of surface water supplies and the potential contaminant sources identified within the area. This does not mean that this intake will become contaminated; only that conditions are such that the surface water could be impacted by a potential contaminant source. Future contamination may be avoided by implementing protective measures. The source water assessment report, which contains more information, is available for review or a copy will be provided during business hours or from the WVBPH 304-558-2981. (Contract number EHS90112) Why must water be treated? All drinking water sources contain various amounts and kinds of contaminants. Federal and state regulations establish limits, controls, and treatment practices to minimize these contaminants and to reduce any subsequent health effects. Contaminants in Water In order to ensure that tap water is safe for consumption, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations establish limits of contaminants in bottled water, which must provide the same protection for public health. All sources of drinking water are subject to potential contamination by substances that are naturally occurring or man made. These can be microbes, inorganic or organic chemicals and radioactive substances. Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of these contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791). The source of drinking water (both tap and bottled water) includes rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals, and, in some cases radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity. Contaminants that may be present in source water include: Microbial contaminants: Such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife. Inorganic contaminants: Such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring, or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, and farming. Pesticides and herbicides: Which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses. Organic chemical contaminants: These include synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems. Radioactive contaminants: These can be naturally occurring or the result of oil and gas production and mining activities. Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791). Water Quality Data Table Definitions of terms and abbreviations used in the table or report: b MCLG-Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLG’S allow for a margin of safety. b MCL – Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCL’S are set as close to the MCLG’S as feasible using the best available treatment technique. MRDLG – Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal: the level of drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLG’S do not reflect benefits of use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants. b MRDL – Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level: The highest level of disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of disinfectant is necessary to control microbial contaminants. b AL – Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, when exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow. b Turbidity: the cloudy appearance of water caused by the presence of suspended matter Abbreviations that may be found in the table: b ppm: parts per million or milligrams per liter b ppb: parts per billion or micrograms per liter b ppt: parts per trillion or nanograms per liter b NTU: Nephelometric Turbidity Units: Used to measure cloudiness in water. Turbidity in excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person b pCi/l: Picocuries per liter b TT-Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water b NE: Not established N/A – not applicable Table of Results-Regulated Contaminants Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness in water. We monitor it because it is a good indicator of the effectiveness of our filtration system. It can interfere with disinfection and provide a medium for microbial growth. It is very important to monitor turbidity and maintain the lowest possible NTU. All other tests results for contaminants for the reporting year 2014 were all non-detects. If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. Armstrong/Deepwater PSD is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your drinking water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http:www.epa.gov/safewater/lead. This report will not be mailed. A copy will provided to you upon request at our office during regular business hours. 4-8-WED-1-MH; LG 488